A bit of history
Sal Island with an area of 215 Km2, began to have significant economic activity in the mid-sixteenth century with the exploitation of its salt of excellent quality and considerable quantity, which lasted until 1985. However, its importance had entered decline in the early nineteenth century with the difficulties of outlets for its traditional markets in South America, particularly Brazil. In 1949, aiming at a stopover point for flights to South America, came by Italian initiative and Portuguese embodiment, the Amílcar Cabral International Airport today the main entry point in the country.
The early development of the island due to Manuel Antonio Martins who in 1830 founded the town of Santa Maria. It was with this “lord of the islands” that the settlement began through internal migration, especially from S. Nicolau and Boavista. The island of Sal has in Espargos, the administrative capital, the largest population concentration.
The existence of the International Airport, the sun, the mild climate, one of the world’s best, the golden and fine sand beaches, crystal clear sea, made this island the seaside resort of Cape Verde for excellence attracting since the 1960s , the attention of foreign visitors. Despite its lunar dryness the friendliness and intimacy of its people is captivating.